A Level  (AS & A2)

AS & A2 pupils currently study the CCEA Revised GCE AS and A Level specification.

AS 1: Physical Geography

This unit is concerned with physical processes and systems and human interaction with them. Students investigate fluvial environments, local and global systems, and the processes that shape weather and climate. They study physical processes and environments at a range of scales and in a range of places. They have opportunities to use a range of technologies, including GIS, to enhance knowledge and understanding.

  • Processes that shape fluvial environments
  • Human interaction in fluvial environments
  • Global biomes
  • Small scale ecosystems
  • The processes that shape our weather and climate
  • Weather in the British Isles
  • Global weather issues


Assessment -External examination paper – 1 hour 15 minutes 40% of AS and 16% of A Level

AS 2: Human Geography

This unit has three themes covering key aspects of human geography. Students investigate how different human systems and relationships across our world change over space and through time. Students explore a range of places at a variety of scales. Students can use a range of technologies to aid their understanding of the most recent developments in human geography, including GIS.


  • Population data
  • Population change
  • Population and resources
  • Settlement Change
  • Planning in rural environments
  • Urban Challenges
  • Measuring Development
  • Reducing the gap
  • Emerging Markets

Assessment – External examination paper- 1 hour 15 minutes – 40% of AS and 16% of A Level.


Unit 3: Fieldwork Skills and Techniques in Geography

In this unit, students become actively involved in collecting geographical data first-hand through fieldwork. Students identify geographical questions and issues, select appropriate sources and methods and establish effective approaches to inquiry in their geographical studies. There are opportunities for students to use a range of technologies, including GIS.


Fieldwork skills and techniques

Topic for investigation

Written report and table of data

Assessment – External examination paper- 1 hour – 20% of AS and 8% of A Level.


A2 (A Level)

The full Advanced GCE comprises the AS and the second half of the Advanced GCE course referred to as A2. However, the AS can be taken as a “stand-alone” qualification without progression to A2.

A2.1: Physical Processes, Landforms and Management

In this unit, students choose two options from the four available

Option A: Plate Tectonics – Theory and Outcomes

  • Plate Tectonics – margins and landforms
  • Volcanic activity and its management
  • Seismic activity and its management

Option B: Tropical Ecosystems – Nature and Sustainability

  • Locations and climates of major biomes
  • Management and sustainability in arid/semi-arid tropical ecosystems
  • Management and sustainability in the tropical forest environment

Option C: Dynamic Coastal Environments

  • Coastal Processes and features
  • Regional coastlines
  • Coastal Management and sustainability

Option D: Climate Change – Past and Present

  • Natural climate change processes
  • Lowland glacial landscapes
  • Current global climate change: human causes and impacts
  • Managing global climate change

Assessment – External examination – 1 hour 30 minutes – 24% of A Level

A2.2 Processes and Issues in Human Geography

In this unit students choose two options from the four available

Option A: Cultural Geography

  • Cultural geography
  • Migration
  • The geographies of cyberspace

Option B: Planning for Sustainable Settlements

  • Sustainable development
  • Urban planning and design in relation to sustainability
  • Traffic and transport

Option C: Ethnic Diversity

  • The definition of ethnicity
  • The processes that create and maintain ethnic diversity
  • Ethnic conflict

Option D: Tourism

  • The changing nature of tourism
  • Challenges and management of mass tourism
  • Ecotourism: opportunities, challenges and regulation


Assessment – External examination – 1 hour 30 minutes – 24% of A Level

A2 3: Decision Making in Geography

In this unit, students develop decision-making skills in a real world scenario. They identify and analyse appropriate material, examine conflicting values and make and justify recommendations.

Decision Making in Geography

Assessment – External examination – 1 hour 30 minutes – 12% of A Level

Plate Tectonics:- Timanfaya Volcano, Lanzarote, Spain.

 AS Geography Students field trip to Whitewater River in Attical (Oct 2016)

AS And GCSE Geography Pupils “Urban Field Study” Belfast (Nov 2016)

Useful Websites